Status of Migrant Construction Workers - A Case Study of Surat City
Since independence, India has witnessed of rapid urbanization, the pace of urbanization is not only due to the natural increase in population growth, but it has been mainly caused by the heavy influx of rural migrant in urban areas (Ganguly, 2009; Ledent 1982), especially in the large sided cities. The high rate of migration in the urban areas in India is due to the availability of higher employment opportunity. One of the most important sector which leads to high migration in urban area is construction sector. The present study focuses on the migrant construction workers in Surat city. This study is based on the primary survey. 300 migrant construction workers selected by the stratified random sampling method and filled up the questionnaires by personal interviewed at construction working site. The workers make significant efforts in the construction work with higher risk of injuries/accidents. It is a fact that this sector plays a significant role in providing employment but the conditions of the migrant workers is not good. There should be provided the proper accommodation facilities with the basic amenities at the working site by contractors or by other authorities. It is fact that this sector play significant role in providing employment but the conditions of the migrant workers is not good. The gender discrimination in wage rate should be eliminated. As a part of corporate social responsibility, the contractors and the builders should also provide the batter quality of living to the migrant workers.
JEL Classification: J11, L74, J31, O15